What are essential oils?
Essential oils are gained from herbs, fruits, seeds, branches, roots, branches, bark, flowers, leaves, needles or the roots of trees. The essential oils are obtained by water vapor distillation, sometimes also by cold pressing from plants.
Essential oils: fragrance effect
The fragrance molecules penetrate the olfactory mucosa over the nose, which is part of the central nervous system.
The sense of smell itself sits in the oldest part of the brain, the limbic system. There can be fragrance stimuli there the distribution of messenger substances that have a pain reliever or create well -being. Endorphins are also released. These have a very pain -relieving effect and raise the mood.
The eucalyptus oil is obtained by water vapor distillation of the young leaves. 50 kg leaves result 1 l of oil. The fragrance is slightly lemon -like, a stimulating and refreshing effect on us.
Its original home is Australia. In the meantime, he has also settled in Asia, Arabia and Europe. There are about 600 different species. Eucalyptus globulus is an evergreen hard -woody tree. It is one of the highest trees and needs a lot of water. It was used to drain wetlands and the containment of the malaria, which was awarded in the name Feieberbaum.
The ingredient in eucalyptus is eucalyptol. He is responsible for the freshness and is therefore often used in the fragrance lamp in cold winter days. Eucalyptus oil has a mentally stimulating effect and ensures a cleaning air. His fragrance supports concentration and has a refreshing effect. Even the indigenous people of Australia saw a kind of all -purpose agent in the eucalyptus.
The lavender oil is obtained by water vapor distillation of the entire plant, because not only the flowers, the leaves also contain valuable essential oil. 60 - 150 kg result 1l of oil. The lavender belongs to the family of the lip flower. The plant is mainly used as an ornamental plant or to extract fragrances.
The lavender originally comes from Persia, and then he came across the Canary Islands to the south of France. Today you can find it throughout the Mediterranean area. Also in the Balkans and in Central Europe as well as in England. It occurs on dry, warm slopes to Dalmatia and Greece as well as in Tuscany in Italy.
The harvest takes place between June and August. Usually the individual flowers are harvested by hand, always at noon, because then the most essential oil is contained in the flowers. The wonderful fragrance arises from the flowers and stems from which the essential oil is produced.
In the Romans, the lavender was a popular bathing additive, of which the name of the lavender is also derived, which means "washing".
Even in ancient times, you not only knew your use in beauty care, but also discovered many other properties. Well -known doctors such as Dioskurides became attentive to lavender oil. The oil has versatile applications in aromatherapy. It ensures balance and has a harmonizing effect on body and mind.
The typical yellow oil is obtained by cold pressing the shells. 3000 lemons are required for 1 L oil. The wonderfully fresh and typical smell of the lemon immediately forms.
The lemon originally comes from China. There she was already in the tenth century BC Chr. Cultivated. Finally she came to Persia and was brought to Greece by Alexander. The lemon is a so -called diamond plant that can be found around the entire Mediterranean today, but of course it also grows in Asia and America.
The refreshing lemon oil activates the memory and sharpens our minds. It has a mood -lifting effect and gives a clear look in difficult situations. A cleaning effect is attributed to the lemon oil and also has an insecting.
The essential peppermint oil is produced by water vapor distillation of the leaves. Hundred kilos result in a liter of oil.
The plant belongs to the family of the lip flower and is located in our latitudes. During the heyday from June to August, she wears small purple flowers. The smooth leaves are provided with oil gland scales.
The peppermint contains a lot of essential oil and contains up to 60 percent menthol. The menthol gives the oil the fresh typical mint fragrance. The oil can have a stimulating effect on our nerves. That means it can create a clear head, strengthen memory and sharpen the concentration.
The essential organic orange oil is obtained by cold pressing the shells. 200-300 kg result in a liter of oil. The orange comes from China, which is why it probably got the name "China apple". The orange tree wears pretty white little flowers from the flowering period, from which the oranges later grow. Orange trees now grow anywhere in the world where the weather is accordingly warm. Israel, America, Morocco and of course around the Mediterranean.
Children in particular like the fruity and warm fragrance of the orange oil. It also serves as a sleep aid.
Orange oil has a refreshing effect on body and mind. The fragrance is invigorating, warm and very popular. A great oil that has a harmonizing and amusing effect.
The grapefruit oil is obtained by pressing the shell. 200-300 kg result in 1 L oil.
The evergreen tree is five to six meters high, but can become up to 15 meters high. The fruit of the tree is the grapefruit, is also called a paradise apple. It is a citrus plant, a subtropical tree from the Rauberwäche family. It was created from an intersection of orange and pampel muse. Grapefruit comes from English and is a composition of the English words grape = grape and fruit = fruit, because the fruits grow on the tree -vine.
Grapefruit oil has a fruity fragrance and affects our self -confidence and lust for life. The oil is ideal for flavoring and offers a refreshing well -being.